Human granulosa cells: insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptors and aromatase expression modulation by metformin

ISABELA PIVA FUHRMEISTER, ANITA MYLIUS PIMENTEL, Gisele Branchini , Gustavo Dias Ferreira, EDISON CAPP, Ilma Simoni Brum, Helena Von Eye Corleta

Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, v. 77, n. 3, p. 156-162, 2014.

Motivo: Produção Colaborador HMV

Setor HMV: Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Área da saúde: Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Resumo: BACKGROUND/AIM: Granulosa cells are the source of the most important ovarian steroids. Even in patients without significant improvement in metabolic parameters, metformin has apparently an important effect on the ovary. The aim of this study was to evaluate gene and protein expression of an insulin receptor (IR), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) receptor (IGF1R) and aromatase in granulosa cells treated with metformin and insulin. METHODS: Luteinized granulosa cells were collected from 27 patients during in vitro fertilization procedures. Cells were isolated, stored in culture for 24 h and divided into four groups: control; metformin for 30 min, and metformin for 30 min plus insulin for 30 or 60 min. RESULTS: IR and IGF1R mRNA expression was significantly enhanced by metformin but was not affected by insulin. Aromatase mRNA expression was significantly reduced in metformin-incubated cells following stimulation with insulin for 30 min. No statistical differences were found in IGF1R and aromatase protein expression, and IR expression was not detected. CONCLUSION: A direct effect of metformin on the gene expression of IGF1R, IR and aromatase was observed. Further studies should investigate the role of IGF1R, IR and aromatase in ovarian physiology for a better understanding of the effect of metformin.

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